Well we are going to start with the shapes of roofs and then move to what to cover them with because both are important.
There are many different types of roofs for many different reasons. Below are just a few
1. Saltbox Roofs
Often used on split level homes in areas that need more wind resistance than a standard gable roof.
2. Mansard Roofs
Constructed with 4 slopes, each side of the home has 2 slopes with the slowest slope steeper than the other one. This gives an 'attic' and extra living or storage area in the upper level of the home.
3. Gambrel Roofs
Similar to the mansard roof except they have upright gable ends
4. Pyramid Roofs
Typically installed on smaller structures
5. Hip Roofs
Similar to pyramid roofs, however rather than creating a point at the top each side connect at ta flat section or ridge. This roof tends to be best in high wind areas.
6. Cross Gabled Roofs
Most aesthetically appealing and functional on wings on the home
7. Flat Roofs
Simple and accessible, however are dirt, debris and water collectors
8. Bonnet Roofs
Similar to Hip and Pyramid roofs, however have 2 sides that slop outwards that provide shelter for outdoor seating, as well as diverting water away from home
9. Skillion Roofs
Single slope, triangular and flat rood hybrid, only used in single section of home where rain water tends to easily run off.
have 2 or more parallel pitched roofs in which the slope and vertical surfaces alternate. Allows for interior vaulted ceilings or loft living spaces.
11. Butterfly Roofs
Constructed with 2 tandem pieced meeting in the middle where rain water collects so more drainage required.
12. Curved Roofs
Similar to Skillion roofs with different curved plans. A lower slope is great for high winds and allowing water run off
13. Domed Roofs
Similar to a gazebo, giving a complexity to a project as well as beauty.
Top Roofing Materials
1. Asphalt Shingles
Most common roofing material and the most economical.
Pros: They come in a variety of colors and are the most commonly available and least expensive. Normally lasts 20-25 years depending on area, weather patterns and care.
Cons: Shorter Lifespan than other roofing materials, lesser insulation and some quality varies.
2. Clay and Concrete Tiles
Add Texture and Elegance to home and roof. Majority of the time they are placed in a flat patterns, can be scalloped or ribbed as well. Normally last 40-50 years depending on area, weather patterns and care.
Pros: Extremely Durable, long lasting, non combustible, concrete tiles are energy efficient.
Cons: Expensive, heavy and require additional framing to support weight.
3. Metal Roofing
Resistant to extreme weather conditions, can be in panels or shingles. Different metals are available, aluminum, copper, stainless steel, and zinc. Can last 40-75 years
Pros: In Texas these are popular for rainwater harvesting and durability. They also reflect more sunlight and assist in insulating the home.
4. Slate Roofing
Brings elegance and beauty to a home with different shades ranging from black, green, grey, red and purple. Can last 50 to 100 years depending on area, weather, and care
Pros: Durable, fire safe, sustainable and can be recycled
Cons: Expensive, heavy, requires extra framing.
5. Wood Shingles & Shake
Go to Roofing for centuries, not recommend in fire prone areas. Can last 25-30 years depending on area, weather and care.
Pros: rustic look, natural product
Cons: fire codes in certain areas prohibit use. Can be prone to mold, can split or rot in wet climates.